Herb Substitutes
Basil: oregano or thyme
Bay leaf: ¼ teaspoon thyme
Chervil: tarragon or parsley
Cilantro: parsley
Dill: tarragon
Fennel seed: anise seed
Italian seasoning: Blend of basil, oregano, rosemary
Marjoram: basil, thyme, or savory
Mint: basil, marjoram, or rosemary
Oregano: thyme or basil
Parsley: cilantro or chervil
Rosemary: thyme, tarragon, or savory
Sage: poultry seasoning, savory, marjoram or rosemary
Savory: thyme, marjoram, or sage
Tarragon: chervil, fennel seed, or anise seed
Thyme: basil, marjoram, oregano, or savory

Spice Substitutes
Allspice: cinnamon, nutmeg, cloves
Anise seed: fennel seed or anise extract
Apple pie spice: 1 teaspoon ~ ½ tsp cinnamon, ¼ tsp cinnamon, ¼ tsp nutmeg, 1/8 tsp allspice, dash ground cloves or ginger
Cardamom: ground ginger
Cinnamon: 1 teaspoon = ¼ tsp nutmeg or allspice
Chili powder: hot pepper sauce with dried oregano or ground cumin
Cloves: allspice, cinnamon, or nutmeg
Cumin: chili powder
Curry powder: mix turmeric, ginger, black pepper, coriander, cumin, chili powder
Ginger: allspice, cinnamon, mace, or nutmeg
Gingerroot: 1 teaspoon = ¼ tsp ground ginger
Mace: allspice, cinnamon, ginger, nutmeg
Nutmeg: Cinnamon, ginger, mace
Poultry seasoning: 1 teaspoon = ¾ tsp sage, ¼ tsp blend of thyme, marjoram, black pepper, rosemary
Pumpkin pie spice: 1 teaspoon ~ ½ tsp cinnamon, ¼ tsp ginger, ¼ tsp allspice, 1/8 tsp nutmeg
Saffron: turmeric
Seasoning salt: fresh herbs spice blend, garlic powder (not garlic salt)
Thai seasoning: 1 Tbsp = 1 tsp coriander, 1 tsp crushed red pepper, ¼ tsp salt, ¼ tsp ginger, ¼ tsp garlic powder, ¼ tsp onion powder

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